2 Types of Stakeholders in the Construction – PDF Free


To ensure the construction job is completed successfully, a group of experts with a range of skills and areas of experience is required. Effective planning and teamwork between the various stakeholders engaged in a construction project are essential to its success. In the following paragraphs, we will talk about the various stakeholders in the construction industry and the parts that they play in various building projects. You will be better prepared to handle and improve the productivity of your construction project if you have a solid understanding of the key stakeholders.

Stakeholders in the construction industry or otherwise, are those that might influence the project or be influenced by it or its outputs. It makes good sense for a project team to list these people or organizations, to consider in what way they might affect the project and how much power or influence they might be able to exert.

Who is a Stakeholder?

A stakeholder is any person, team, or organization who is involved or not involved but that can affect, get affected by, or understand itself to be affected by the project, strategy, or programmer.

There are two major types of stakeholders in the construction industry. It can be classified as “Direct (Internal)” and “Indirect (External)” stakeholders.

Stakeholders in the Construction Industry

Direct Stakeholders Indirect Stakeholders
Clients (Public or Private ) Government Authorities
Project Manager/Team Consultation Bodies
Structural engineer District Board
Building service engineer Planning Authorities
Quantity Surveyor Media
Building Surveyor Institutional Forces
Hydrographic Surveyor Nationalized Industries
Construction Manager Residents/Community
Contracts Manager Local Landowners
Commercial Manager Archaeologists
Facilities Manager Environmental Regulators
Geo-spatial Modeler Competitors
Planner Tourists
Town Planner Labour Union/Association
Cad Operator Transport and Infrastructure
Estimator Planning Authorities
Main Contractor Waterways and Coastal Authorities
Sub-contractors Building Control/Regulations
Site Supervisor General Public
Site Foreman

Download PDF: Stakeholders in Construction Project

Client /Employer

A client is a person or organization that invests money in the constructed structure/building. We called as an owner of the Project/Building. There are two types of clients. They are responsible for hiring the team that will be working on the project and describing the tasks that are expected of them.

  1. Public
  2. Private

The government is a public client. They are doing public services such as roads, bridges, etc. The main goal of the private client is to earn profit from their investment.

Expectations of Client

  1. Completion on Time
  2. Quality of the Work
  3. On Budget
  4. Safe
  5. Flexibility

Consultant / Engineer

The Client may not have enough knowledge of construction, but he would like to invest his money in the construction. The Client requires an expert person who provides expert advice professionally. In such cases, the Client hires a consultant. Such advisors/consultants may include,

  • Project managers (Manage the entire project)
  • Architects (Responsible for Designing, obtaining the necessary permits and ensuring that the building complies with all building codes and regulations.)
  • Engineers (Civil, Structural, Mechanical, Electrical)
  • Quantity Surveyors (Cost Consultants / Cost engineers)
  • Accountants
  • Lawyers
  • Other persons are having expert knowledge of specific areas.

Main Contractor 

The Engineer or Employer has accepted the Successful bidder whose bid to carry out the works is called as Contractor. They shall do the Work within the time (period) as per the Construction Drawings and specifications.


The main contractor or client hires subcontractors to complete specific tasks, such as electrical, plumbing, and waterproofing. Subcontractors are responsible for making sure that their work complies with the project plan, specification and schedule.


Suppliers provide the necessary building tools and materials. They are responsible for the timely delivery of the supplies and ensuring that those that fit the specifications of the job.


The construction project is funded by financiers. Investors may be institutions, private equity companies, or individuals. They provide the project founder with the money required to start and complete the project.

Community Members

Locals, companies, and other stakeholders who might be affected by the development are all examples of community members. They are included in the process of planning the project because then their issues and interests can be taken into consideration.

The Government Agencies

Building rules and laws are governed and enforced by government authorities, which can include federal, state, and municipalities. They are actively participating in the building project to ensure that it complies with all of the relevant safety laws and building standards.


In summing up, the various people and groups that are engaged in the planning, design, and building of a project are referred to as the project’s stakeholders in the construction industry. It is the responsibility of each stakeholder to play a significant part in the effective completion of the project and to ensure that it satisfies the requirements of all parties concerned.

Buildings and infrastructures that fulfil the needs of communities and help the growth and development of the economy can be created by working together successfully.

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